Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis
• Plant Type: Shrub
• Sunlight: Sun to part shade
• Soils: Wet to dry
• Bloom Time: White flowers in May, June, July
• Size: 5-8 feet in height; 3-8 foot spread
Plant this native as a hedge or alone. Berries and flowers are edible, but other parts of the plant contain toxic calcium oxalate crystals and are poisonous. Individual plants are short-lived, but root masses produce new shoots. Fast grower. Notice the white flowers on wild elderberry along wetland edges in late spring—it loves the Cape’s acidic soils.
Shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis), American Hazelnut (Corylus americana)
• Fruit attracts birds who then spread seeds.
• Berries relished by mammals.
• Attracts pollinators.
Occurs in alluvial forests, bogs, ditches, drier old fields.