Ilex opaca

Growing Information

Plant Type: Tree
Sunlight: Sun, part shade
Soils: Moist, well-drained, average
Bloom Time: White flowers in April, May, June
Size: 12-30 feet in height; 8-14 foot spread

Plant American Holly as an evergreen specimen, massed, or for hedges. Red berries persist through the winter but are only found on female plants when there is a male plant nearby.

Garden Companions

Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

Nature Benefits

• Berries eaten by many songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals
• Larval host for Henry’s Elfin butterfly

Native Habitat

Occurs in shaded woods, stream and riverbanks, uplands, and lowlands.

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Photos