Morella caroliniensis

Growing Information

Plant Type: Shrub
Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade
Soils: Moist to dry
Bloom Time: Inconspicuous flowers appear in early spring- May
Size: 5-10 feet in height

Ubiquitous on Cape Cod, it is adapted to the Cape’s poor soils and salt spray. Does well in drought and deluge. The leaves are aromatic when crushed. Bayberry is dioecious, being there are male and female plants, and it is the female plant that bears the berries. Makes a good backdrop to a garden.

Garden Companions

Beach Plum (Prunus maritima), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida), Scrub Oak (Quercus ilicifolia)

Nature Benefits

• Berries are important food for birds.
• The foliage provides cover for birds.
• It has nitrogen-fixing microbes associated with its roots and therefore improves nutrient value of soils for other plants.

Native Habitat

Occurs in dunes, fields, forest edges, roadsides, coastal banks, beach edges.

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